A large-scale palm farming is mostly state-owned enterprises that were established to provide a surplus for export and most importantly, to meet the internal consumption needs of the country. This usually covers an area in excess of 400 hectares.
The plantation is usually run and well maintained by employing the best farming techniques and highly skilled professionals to work its operations.
The processing facilities are generally in the large-scale category and are expensive to set up. The most plantations had nucleus farms with private smallholders and community dwellers supplying raw palm fruit to the central processing factory.
The most commonly African oil palm specie of palm is called Elaeis guineensis. It is the principal source of palm oil. It’s native can be stressed to the west and southwest Africa. Mature palms are single-stemmed and can grow up to 20 m tall.
Spacing the palm trees to a minimum of 18 – 20 feet gives each root system the ample room for pulling nutrients and water from the soil.
In fact, the roots mostly spread horizontally while staying within the first 3 – 4 feet of the topsoil instead of growing downward.
PALM OIL PRODUCTION
For every 100 kg of fruit bunches, typically 22 kg of palm oil and 1.6 kg of palm kernel oil can be extracted. And this Oil is extracted from both the pulp of the fruit and from the kernel i.e. (palm oil and palm kernel oil respectively which are used in foods and for soap manufacture).
SuperGene – Most Productive Oil Palm Hybrid
• Earlier harvest (22 to 24 months) compared 36 to 48 months for Tenera standard seedling.
• Significant higher yields throughout the 25year lifespan.
• It has a life span average yield of 44 tons
• Shorter Tree … Easy to reach speeds during harvesting.
• More Disease Resistant
• It has a higher Oil-to-Bunch Ratio bigger than 25% bigger seed, smaller kernel, and thinner shell.
“SuperGene” Introgressed Hybrid Oil Palm
This has an average yield of over 25 years of lifespan – 44 tons /hectare Oil based on an Oil Extraction Rate of 23%.
How many palm trees are in a hectare?
Plant density is about 130 – 150 trees per hectare. And these often require irrigation and drainage systems as palm trees are known to need regular water supply especially during the early stages
How long does it take a palm tree to bear fruit?
It takes about three to five years for oil palms to produce fruits suitable for harvest. After which the tree will continue to produce fruit for up to 30 – 50 years, on the other hand, they most have grown to around 40 feet tall.
When should palm trees be planted?
The best time within the year to plant palm seedling is during the warmer months when the temperature of the soil is at least 65 degrees F. A hole is dug wide enough to fit the root ball with plenty of room to spare.